Lecture Structuring

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Lecture Structuring
Contributors Christian Köppe, Joost Schalken-Pinkster
Last modification May 16, 2017
Source Köppe & Schalken-Pinkster (2015)[1]; Köppe et al. (2016)[2]
Pattern formats OPR Alexandrian
Learning domain

Investigate and design the optimal flow of the contents and delivery forms of a lecture. Structure the content of a lecture so that it optimally supports students’ learning and that all dependencies of content parts are taken into account.[1]












Applied evaluation

Related patterns

This pattern is a more concrete variation of Seminar Plan[3]. If you have a plan, then you should also consider to Reference the Plan[3]during the lecture. Sometimes some unexpected events might occur, then you should consider to Let the Plan Go[3] if that is better for students’ learning.

Probably the most important thing regarding lecture structuring is the splitting of the lecture content into Digestible Packets[4]The goal of this splitting is to increase the learning effect of a lecture and to ensure an appropriate handling of attention loss.



  1. 1.0 1.1 Köppe, C., & Schalken-Pinkster, J. (2015). Lecture design patterns: laying the foundation. In Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Pattern Languages of Program (EuroPLoP 2013) (p. 4). New York:ACM.
  2. Patlet also published in Köppe, C., Niels, R., Bakker, R., & Hoppenbreuwers, S. (2016). Flipped Classroom Patterns-Controlling the Pace. In Proceedings of the 10th Travelling Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (VikingPLoP 2016). New York:ACM.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Fricke, A., & Völter, M. (2000). SEMINARS: A Pedagogical Pattern Language about teaching seminars effectively. In Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs (EuroPLoP 2000) (pp. 87-128). New York:ACM.
  4. Bergin, J., Eckstein, J., Völter, M., Sipos, M., Wallingford, E., Marquardt, K., Chandler, J., Sharp, H., and Manns, M.L. (2012). Pedagogical patterns: advice for educators. Joseph Bergin Software Tools.